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The 50/30/20 Rule to Manage Your Salary

Budgeting doesn’t have to be complicated or take up much of your day. In actuality, the simplest budgeting methods are frequently the best. Consider the 50/30/20 rule as an example. The 50/30/20 rule is an easy monthly budgeting technique that outlines how much you should allocate to monthly savings and living expenses. 

You can safely avoid overpaying and gradually increase your savings with a clear big-picture overview of your monthly budget without meticulously keeping track of each purchase. So, you might want to try the 50/30/20 strategy if you’ve downloaded budgeting software only to delete it after three days. Here in this article, we will see how you can manage your salary using the 50/30/20 rule.

Content list

  • Decoding The Rule
  • Breaking The 50-30-20 Portion
    • Needs 50%
    • Wants 30%
    • Savings 20%
  • A Salaried Person Can Save Up to 50% of Their Salary
  • Importance of Savings

Decoding The Rule

In reality, the rule is highly straightforward. You are required to divide your in-hand money into three equal portions. Twenty percent is set aside for savings and investing; thirty percent is on wants. By doing this, you will have established buckets for everything and be operating inside each bucket’s allowable limits. It will help you develop discipline while ensuring that you don’t sacrifice the standard of living or your long-term planning. Now that the guideline is apparent let’s examine how to divide your spending into three categories: needs, wants, and savings.

Breaking The 50-30-20 Portion

You may organize your funds using a straightforward rule of thumb. Allocating your income by your necessities, wants, and financial objectives are the rule. The 50/30/20 rule is a simple budgeting technique that can assist you in managing your money in an efficient, straightforward, and sustainable. According to the general rule of thumb, you should allocate,

  • 50% of your income for needs
  • 30% for wants, and 
  • 20% for savings or debt repayment. 

You may make better use of your money by consistently maintaining a balance between three key areas of expenditure. You can also save yourself the time and frustration of going into the specifics every time you spend by keeping track of only the three main categories.

Needs 50%

Needs are the things you need to survive or must accomplish to survive. Needs are commitments you must meet to live happily, such as getting groceries and food, paying rent or a mortgage, paying insurance premiums, making the minimum debt payments, and more. This rule states that you can utilize half of your after-tax income to pay for things constantly on your list of essential expenses. If you don’t make these payments, you’ll either get into problems or have more outstanding debt for the next month, likely with interest added for the late fee. 

Luxuries like cable TV, a Netflix subscription, a gym membership, a cat payment, etc., are not listed in the needs section. The 50-30-20 rule states that you must eliminate some items from your “Wants” list if you spend more than 50 per cent of your after-tax income on necessities. If that isn’t an option, your only choice is to downsize your lifestyle and begin relying only on what is necessary and required. A minimalist lifestyle could be the solution to all of your issues with lifestyle inflation and spending excesses.

Wants 30%

All the items you purchase that are not necessary are considered wants. It includes going out to eat and see a movie, that new handbag, athletic event tickets, trips, the newest electronic device, and ultra-high-speed Internet. If you boil it down, everything in the “wants” category is optional. Instead of visiting a gym, you can work out at home, prepare meals, or watch sports on television rather than purchasing tickets to an event. 

This category also includes the decisions you make when upgrading, such as choosing a more expensive steak over a cheaper hamburger, purchasing a Mercedes over a Honda, or deciding between viewing TV for free with an antenna or paying for cable.

Savings 20%

Lastly, make an effort to set aside 20% of your net income for savings and to invest. It includes making IRA contributions to a mutual fund account, investing in the stock market, and adding money to an emergency fund in a bank savings account. If you lose your job or experience an unexpected incident, you should have at least three months’ worth of emergency savings. After that, concentrate on retiring and achieving future financial objectives. Repaying debt is another use for protection. While the minimum payments fall under the “needs” category, any additional charges save money because they lower the principal and accrued interest.

Start investing for your long-term goals as the best way to use your savings effectively. Planning for retirement is the biggest one. Start early and invest in funds with a high growth rate, such as multi-cap and small-cap funds. Start using the SIP method to invest in a diversified equity portfolio. SIP will provide disciplined investing, preventing you from deviating from your objective. SIP is the most excellent approach to investing in equity mutual funds because it avoids the worry of market timing and is accessible to the wallet.

A Salaried Person Can Save Up to 50% of Their Salary

According to media reports, the average middle-class person in India saves roughly Rs 10,000 every month. However, many experts advise saving 30% of one’s income to survive in an unstable society like ours. A young person with good judgment may make a mistake due to the introduction of solid peer pressure. Here we will see how a salaried person can save up to 50% of their salary.

Importance of Savings

The 50-20-30 rule is designed to assist people in managing their after-tax income, primarily to have money set aside for emergencies and retirement savings. Establishing an emergency fund should be a top priority for every household in case of job losses, unanticipated medical costs, or any other unforeseen financial costs. If a family uses its emergency money, it should concentrate on replacing it. 

Saving cash is essential. It gives you independence and financial security and protects you in times of need. Saving money enables debt avoidance, which reduces stress. Even though we know the value of saving, we frequently neglect it and immediately spend more of our money. As people live longer, saving for retirement is also a crucial step. The key to a comfortable retirement is to estimate how much money you’ll need in retirement and start saving early.


When your lifestyle is managed and stabilized, you can strive to put more money into the Savings component. You can always modify this rule to fit your needs, but you must make sure that at least 20% of your post-tax income goes toward the savings part. 

The 50-30-20 rule will enable you to exercise caution in your financial dealings and make sure that all of your money is not simply gone. You will have more influence over how you wish to spend your money and thus become more aware of your spending habits once you know the wealth inflows and outflows. To maximize the value of the money you earn, make sure to balance all the buckets by this rule.


  1. Why is Budgeting Important?

While it’s important to enjoy life, it’s also not a good idea to spend your money carelessly. Consequently, creating a plan and following it will enable you to pay for your costs and save for retirement while also engaging in the things that bring you joy. The goal of the 50-20-30 rule of budgeting is to assist people in really considering how they should manage their income, help them become conscious of their spending patterns, prevent overspending, and offer them an opportunity to save money for emergencies and retirement.

  1. What Is the Origin of the 50/30/20 Rule of Thumb? 

Senator Elizabeth Warren, a Harvard law professor at the time she invented the concept, and her daughter, Amelia Warren Tyagi, popularized the 50/30/20 rule in the book All Your Worth: The Ultimate Lifetime Money Plan. It was created as a general guideline to help working-class families budget their money to be ready for future and unforeseeable events.

  1. How to budget Using the 50/30/20 Rule of Thumb?
  • Make a monthly income calculation: Total the monthly deposits you make to your bank account. Reduce your monthly income amount if you pay estimated taxes. 
  • Determine a budget cap for every category: For an optimal amount to spend on each area, multiply your take-home income by 0.50 (for needs), 0.30 (for wants), and 0.20 (for financial objectives).
  • Plan your spending according to these figures: Consider these three spending areas as “buckets” that you can fill up with regular outgoings. Check to determine if you are spending less than the monthly spending goals you set in the previous stage by listing and totaling your monthly expenses in each category they belong.
  • Observe your budget: Keep tabs on your monthly expenditures and adjust as necessary to stay within your budget moving forward.
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